There are many different styles of boxing. The style develops when the athlete chooses which of the actions that are suitable for him will be improved. There are many terms defining styles. But a boxer does not necessarily belong to any of them: he can be an infiter and an outfighter at the same time (one of the clearest examples is Bernard Hopkins), he can be an outfighter and a puncher at the same time (one of the clearest examples is Vladimir Klitschko). There are plenty of such examples in boxing.
Outfighter or out-boxer is a boxing style in which the boxer prefers long-distance combat. This is a technical, lightweight boxer in his legs. An outfighter is the opposite of a cooper. Such a boxer, based on light and fast movement around the ring, usually tends to constantly maintain long-distance. When an enemy attempts to break through the defense and enter into a close combat, the outfighter always tries to lengthen the distance and stop the enemy with counter blows. Jeb’s left hand to the head is the main weapon of the outfighter, with which he holds the advancing enemy at a respectful distance. He uses his right hand only in cases when the opponent’s defense is revealed. With it, he strengthens his defense, using it for beatings and blocking enemy strikes. The outfighter uses a series of hooks and uppercuts only in the most favorable conditions for it, when the enemy is tired or stunned by the blow. Such boxers usually never give in to emotions and don’t aggravate themselves, but lead a measured, calm fight.
Outfitters are usually tall and long-armed boxers with great agility and agility. Outfighter bets on movement and tactical game. A distinctive feature of the outfighter is frequent wins on points, and not the early completion of the fight, although there are also opposite cases. Boxers of this style should have a fast strike speed, excellent response and move well on their feet.
A striking example of an outfighter is the “Greatest” Mohammed Ali. Also notable outfighters were: Jeanne Tunney, Willie Pep and Roy Jones.
A boxer-puncher is a boxing style in which a boxer maintains an average distance during a fight and, resorting to a combination of technique and strength, tries to knock out an opponent with a series, and sometimes even with a single blow. A puncher boxer is often less mobile than an outfighter, but the technique of movement is broadly similar. Since this style implies a knockout victory, the puncher must be physically well prepared.
Bright puncher boxers were Joe Louis, Sugar Ray Robinson and young Mike Tyson.
This term should not be confused with just a puncher, or a puncher, like Ernie Shavers or David Tua.
Swarmer or in-fighter is a boxing style in which the boxer prefers close combat, striking several combinations of punches consisting of hooks and uppercuts in a row. Infighters are fast, aggressive, and fast-moving. Thanks to a powerful blow, they can pose a serious threat to their rivals. However, the swarmers risk falling under the blows of the enemy before they can get closer and strike back, so they should always be prepared to withstand the attack of the opponent. Swarmers are aggressive explosive boxers who rely on crushing batches, which is why they pay less attention to technology, as their main goal is to crush the enemy with one or several batches of blows. Most swimmers have short stature, which gives them the opportunity to sag at the waist when defending and making biases. The distinctive qualities of the balancer are the ability to hold a blow, endurance, aggressiveness, and a large impact force.
The best co-stars were Jack Dempsey, Henry Armstrong and Joe Frazier.
A slugger or brawler is a boxer who favors arc shocks, such as a hook or uppercut, but sedentary and lacking good defense technique. Sluggers always go forward with the calculation to deliver a single effective blow, which is able to send an opponent to the knockout. However, they often lack the tricks and good work of the legs, which they are more than compensated by the force of their blow. Most often, these fighters are not very mobile, so they may have difficulties if the opponent moves quickly around the ring. In addition, sluggers rarely use single-hand punches (hooks and uppercuts). Sluggers are slow, and their fighting style is often predictable, which makes them vulnerable to enemy strikes. However, they have endurance, good physical strength.
Sluggers are often age boxers of small or medium height, with a well-developed blow. Slugger prefers single and double hurricane arc attacks – hooks and uppercuts. However, if the situation allows, will keep a faster and more technical opponent in the distance jabs. The most important qualities of the slugger are the strength and ability to withstand the attack of an opponent, constantly remaining ready to deal a crushing blow.
Inconvenient contenders for sluggers are outfighters and mobile punchers.
The clearest examples of sluggers are Max Baer, Rocky Marsciano, and the late George Foreman.
counter-puncher – a defensive, counterattacking style of boxing, built on account of the mistakes of the enemy, counter counterattacks instead of their own initiative. The task of the counterpuncher is to use each opponent’s attack to counterattack. He builds up on good defense, the ability to get away from an opponent’s attack or block it with further counter-attacks. Requires excellent defensive skills, reflexes and reactions, high manual speed and sophisticated technology.
Counterpunch is a very uncomfortable opponent for aggressor boxers, especially for straight sluggers. Counter-Panchiers usually win the battle on points, but there are exceptions.
Examples of counter-panthers include Juan Manuel Marquez, Floyd Mayweather, Pernell Whitaker and Chris Byrd.
Spoiler – the enemy, leaving the direct battle and leading the fight “second number”. As a rule, the spoiler tries to spend more time in the clinches and sometimes uses dirty tricks. Often, its goal is not so much to win the fight as to expose another boxer as a laughing stock. A distinctive feature of the spoilers is a passive melee with numerous cleansing. The main purpose of the spoiler is to not allow the enemy to prove himself fully. His actions make it impossible to use the strengths of the opponent, turning the fight into a viscous, tedious and uninteresting event. At the slightest hint of an opponent to attack the spoiler sharply reduces the distance to the minimum with knitting hands and blocking the opponent’s punches. That is how they win most of their fights. The ideal field of activity of the spoiler is the close range, namely maximum contact. He needs a spoiler, like air, because his favorite technique, clinch, is impossible to spend on a distance. Stands, chipping and diving – the most favorite maneuvers spoiler. By this they maximally connect the opponent and make his attacks safe for themselves. In the melee, the spoiler behaves like a fish in water – it pushes, pinches the opponent’s hands, delivers short tight blows, acts on the verge of a foul. Most often, the spoiler does not set a goal to win the fight with a big advantage, the main thing for him to win at any price. Therefore, any result other than defeat is acceptable to him. Spoilers are especially annoying to attacker-style boxers who prefer open power boxing. Basically, boxers choose spoiler tactics to fight in order to neutralize a stronger drummer.
Representatives of this type of style are John Ruiz, Demarcus Corley, Guillermo Rigondeaux, Lara Erisland, Ishe Smith, Floyd Mayweather, etc.
However, not all boxers behave like spoilers in any battle. In certain cases, even world champions use spoiler tactics.
Spoiler tactics are not new and not invented today. So in 1926, Jean Tenney, in a battle with the best infiter of the world of that time, Jack Dempsey, annulled in this way all his melee tactics and exhausted his forces. In all cases, when Dempsey managed to get into close range in this battle, Tenney, who was inferior in strength, immediately put his hands on Dempsey’s hands and skillfully interlaced them, creating the position of a clinch. After the referee’s command “break!”, Tenney was again at a long distance and continued to fight in a favorable environment.
Left-handed boxer – a boxer whose left hand is stronger, prefers to hold on to the battle in the right-side stance, that is, turning his right side of his body to the opponent and putting his right leg forward. In this stance, it is more convenient for a left-handed person to find starting positions for strong blows from the left hand, as well as a right-handed person from the left-sided stand for right-hitting strikes. But on the tactical side of the battle, it is more profitable for the lefty to stay in relation to the enemy in the left-sided stance. Stretched forward, the strongest left hand will, with great ease, clear the path to the goal with jabs and hooks than the opposing weak hand of the enemy. The body turned to the right, the front part of which is removed from the strongest right hand of the enemy, is reliably protected. During the transition to the close range for the development of the attack, a left-handed person by shifting his legs can take more comfortable starting positions for the effective use of his left hand. In left-handed infighting, it is possible to successfully fight in both a straight and right-handed stance, because here, in close contact with the enemy, the unusualness of the attacks from the left hand confuses his defense. The advantage here will always be on the side of the left-hander, who is used to always dealing with opponents of right-handers. If a left-hander, because of his insufficient ability to maneuver, prefers to hold on the opponent with the right side of his body, then he thereby limits his capabilities and the opponent’s ability to maneuver. In this position, both opponents are constantly under threat of being hit by the strongest hand, since the front parts of the head and body of both opponents remain weakly protected. The advantage in this combat resistance is always left to the enemy, who is quicker and more decisive in the attack. If there is enough maneuvering ability, it is more profitable for a left-fighter to box in the left-sided stance.
Rescher is an aggressive, desperately attacking boxer who thinks little over tactical subtleties. Such boxers are usually physically strong fighters with heavy knockout punches. Reshur can beat equally strongly with each hand. He constantly seeks to approach the enemy in battle, in order to inflict on him more of his hooks and uppercuts. Usually he pays little attention to his defense, as he can easily endure the strongest blows. This is a very dangerous opponent, able to disorient the boxer with his rampant attack. The only thing you can do to break a solver is to use tactics in which he gets tired of his own attacks.
- A knockout player is a boxer who in most cases wins by knockout. As a rule, all punchers are punchers.
- Puncher is a boxer with a single knockout punch. In turn, not all punchers are punchers.
- Peak-a-boo is a boxing style based on sharp pendulum-like movements of the hull and dives.
Developed by American boxing manager and theorist, Cas D’Amato. The essence of the Pick-a-Boo style is that during an enemy attack, the boxer all the time seems to be hiding behind his hands, but not static, but constantly swaying from side to side and showing off because of them, hence the name “defense” ku-ku “”. Pick-a-boo is a boxing style when the hands are located directly in front of the boxer’s face. It offers additional protection for the face and makes it easier to carry the blow to the enemy.
Peak-a-boo is a combination of pendulum-like movements of the body and short step movements. This style is reminiscent of jumping from hummock to hummock in a zigzag. Hands in Peak-a-boo are close and located in front of the face at the cheeks, elbows are tight to the body and all blows are applied from this position. All strikes are made on slopes and exits from dives, the strike technique is explosive and penetrative. Constant powerful attacks do not allow the opponent to relax, aim, take a breath, and force him to constantly move backwards. Peak-a-boo is a technique of strikes at a jump, with the promotion of the hull, side shots are predominant. Peak-a-bu is well-suited for short, short-armed punchers who box mainly in the middle and short range. This is primarily due to the fact that undersized boxers have shorter hands and, therefore, the ability to apply with more intensity side strokes. In addition, undersized fighters can more effectively address gaps in protection. Because taller boxers who have longer torsos are more vulnerable to body shots than lower ones. In general, the Pick-a-Boo technique is very complex and requires the ability to manage your body in a delicate way.
Peak-a-boo is a universal defense and escape technique that promotes speed and explosive movements with subsequent powerful strokes. The beginning of movement with the avoidance of strikes inevitably turns into an attack, which continues the entire battle. Technique Peak-a-boo is fundamentally different from the classic boxing. A characteristic feature of the Peak-a-Boo style is fast, serial, combination work. In Peak-a-bu, the hands are relaxed, the forearms are in front of the face, the fists are at the level of the nose and eyes. Rack almost frontal. This is the main difference from the classical style, when the left hand is at the level of the chin and slightly in front, and the right hand is near the chin. Another unique feature of the style is the constant movements of the head from side to side, slopes, dives and “twisting” the opponent. The amplitude of the movement of the head is quite small, while doing everything as possible in a “ragged” rhythm. In addition, the boxer is not only swinging, but all the time she crouches slightly under the blows. As a result of all these movements, the enemy “gets off sight” and constantly misses. And if it still hits, then the blow usually comes in passing, as it hits not a standing, but a moving target. For the same reason, the impact force is also largely extinguished. The freely moving head easily leans back and to the side, that is, in the direction of impact.
An important component of the Pik-a-boo is the so-called “rack change” – when a fighter moves from a right-handed stand to a left-handed stand, and vice versa.
Technique Peak-a-boo is based on constant movements from side to side and pendulum-like diving movements. All this requires a special movement technique and a very delicate underworking of the hull. Looking from the side, it seems that there is a constant running in of blows – due to which the enemy fails and unfolds. It can be said that there are practically no clear slopes in Peak-a-bu – everything is built on diving motions. And this is brought to such automatism that Tyson could run in even quick direct hits – which is the highest aerobatics and a sign of top-class skill. The displacement technique was also refined, which made it possible to very quickly reduce the distance, combining with the pendulum movements of the body. The basic movement exercise resembles jumping from hummock to hummock in a zigzag. The inertia of movement when moving immediately transferred to the body – in the dive, and in the blow. Hands in Peak-a-boo do not hold as in the classics. Both hands are at the cheek, and all blows are made from this position. Such a position of the hands allows you to make very short envelopes for the defense of the enemy blows at the middle and close range, and allows you to quickly go into a dull defense. All strokes are made on the slopes and exits of dives. The blow technique is explosive and penetrative. All the strikes in the series are beaten away – there are no test strikes as such. Technique Peak-a-boo is very complex and requires a “living” body, and the ability to very quickly manage the dynamics of your body. Without this, an attempt to imitate Pic-a-Bu due to external muscle work will lead to instant fatigue.
Peak-a-boo style is in no way pure protection. The boxer who uses it constantly contacts the opponent and hits with both hands, using both single punches and combinations.